Soviet invaded their territories, the USA initiated the war, and external actors played two decades long-term great game within their boundaries.
In the end, an arrangement of a rendezvous between America and the Taliban ended in bitter and harsh results that shunned the entire world. It may not be a document of surrender for the Taliban or the USA but it is a deceleration of unprecedented initiative of chaos and mismanagement in the Afghan State.
Many have left their homes and many are displaced. Despite all statements of negotiations from the Taliban’s table, the people of Afghanistan are leaving their homeland. Thousands of people crossed Chaman Border and thousands are waiting to cross the western border of Pakistan.
According to UN statistics more than 1.4 million people are registered as refugees in Pakistan. On the contrary, government officials provide the data of 2 million unregistered refugees in the country. Particularly in Sindh’s capital Karachi.
Though Karachi is an economic hub to Pakistan, no one can deny the fact that it is still confronting with challenges for its permanent population. A report by UNHCR mentions that 80 per cent of refugees around the world are hosted by developing countries leading them to scarcity of resources and an acute dearth of human necessities.
Karachi has been adversely affected in terms of nontraditional threats such as climate issues, sanitation, and population explosion. Karachi is unable to afford refugees within its territories owing to its already weak situation. A rushed decision of sudden withdrawal of troops by the USA has spawned more violence and triggered more migration.
There should be a concrete agenda to mitigate the menace. Taliban are of the view that they have changed their rigidity into flexibility and will not harm any Afghan citizen except an obvious criminal. “One should not leave Afghanistan we are here to protect them”, said Taliban spokesman. Many experts might argue that this is not an appropriate time for Pakistan to host more and more refugees.
What would be the consequences of the arrival of more refugees in Pakistan? After the outbreak of Covid 19, the economy of Pakistan is shaking and the poverty rate has increased up to 40 per cent. How can a country host millions of refugees which is already struggling for its populace? The arrival of more numbers of Afghan refugees can create a huge chaos in the country.
There is no iota of doubt that it can induce a long-lasting effect on the population graph. As Pakistan is already grappling with the menace of a persistent pace of population explosion. Government officials along with decision-making authorities should take a parallel decision to counter the above-mentioned threats. Otherwise, chaos is inevitable.